2. Tensions, among interrogators extended to complaints about the safety and effectiveness of each other's, The CIA placed individuals with no applicable experience or training in senior detention and, interrogation roles, and providedinadequate linguistic and analytical support to conduct effective, questioning of CIA detainees, resulting in diminished intelligence. provide proper leadership and management, were also not held to account. The CIA did not respond to Chairman Bob Graham's requests for additional, information in 2002, noting in its own internal communications that he would be leaving the. Try this now, 6 things to know when buying your second home, Here's how much savings you should have at 40. The interrogator has the detainee reach out his arms toward the wall so that his fingers are touching it. acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees. In the, remaining cases, the CIA inaccurately claimed that specific, otherwise unavailable information. his life," which "may preclude [Abu Zubaydah] from being turned over to another country. The book comes across as a self-serving rehash of well-worn arguments about the value of waterboarding and other enhanced interrogation techniques (EITs), as well as lengthy complaints about the unfair scrutiny on Mitchell and his business partner, fellow psychologist John Bruce Jessen. coercive interrogation techniques. Rizzo described this technique being used on al-Qaida operative Abu Zubaydah in his recent book, "Company Man.". "^^ In neither case was administrative action taken against CIA, #18: The CIA marginalized and ignored numerous internal critiques, criticisms, and, objections concerning the operation and management of the CIA's Detention and, Critiques, criticisms, and objections were expressed by numerous CIA officers, including senior, personnel overseeing and managing the program, as well as analysts, interrogators, and medical. A senior CIA officer indicated that the CIA "will have to acknowledge, certain gaps in ourplanning/preparations,""^ butstated that this plan would be presented to the, president. The CIA used these examples to claim that its enhanced interrogation techniques were not only, effective, but also necessary to acquire "otherwise unavailable" actionable intelligence that, The Committee reviewed 20 of the most frequent and prominent examples of purported, counterterrorism successes that the CIA has attributed to the use of its enhanced interrogation, techniques, and found them to be wrong in fundamental respects. Two psychologists who were paid more than $80 million by the CIA to develop "enhanced interrogation" techniques — which have been called torture — … members that related to CIA inteiTogation activities. In two countries, U.S. ambassadors were informed of plans to establish a CIA detention site in, the countries where they were serving after the CIA had already entered into agreements with the, countries to host the detention sites. It indicates the ability to send an email. response to the OIG's inquiries into the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program. In July 2002, on the basis of consultations with contract psychologists, and with very limited, internal deliberation, the CIA requested approval from the Department of Justice to use a set of. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. information on the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program to these agencies. The Committee's review of CIA records determined that the CIA, detained at least 119 individuals, of whom at least 39 were subjected to the CIA's enhanced, Of the 119 known detainees, at least 26 were wrongfully held and did not meet the detention, standard in the September 2001 Memorandum of Notification (MON). #16: The CIA failed to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of its enhanced interrogation, The CIA never conducted a credible, comprehensive analysis of the effectiveness of its enhanced, interrogation techniques, despite a recommendation by the CIA inspector general and similar, requests by the national security advisor and the leadership of the Senate Select Committee on, Internal assessments of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program were conducted by CIA, personnel who participated in the development and management of the program, as well as by, CIA contractors who had a financial interest in its continuation and expansion. Cold or refrigerated water would be poured on them. Conditions at CIA detention sites were poor, and were especially bleak early in the program. 3. on December 10, 2014. prompted the CIA to move detainees out of a CIAdetention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. ©2021 FOX News Network, LLC. "^"^ According to one individual, the review was, "heavily reliant on the willingness of [CIA CounterteiTorism Center] staff to provide us with the, factual material that forms the basis of our conclusions." Even after the conditions of confinement improved with the construction of new detention, facilities, detainees were held in total isolation except when being interrogated or debriefed by, Throughout the program, multiple CIA detainees who were subjected to the CIA's enhanced. OLC. ""^, Lack of access to adequate medical care for detainees in countries hosting the CIA's detention, facilities caused recunring problems. "^^ TheCIAalso provided inaccurate, information describing the views of U.S. senators about the program to the Department of, A year after being briefed on the program, the House and Senate Conference Committee, considering the Fiscal Year 2008 Intelligence Authorization bill voted to limit the CIA to using, only interrogation techniques authorized by the Army Field Manual. The CIA withheld or restricted information relevant to these, agencies' missions and responsibilities, denied access to detainees, and provided inaccurate. Contrary to CIA representations to the Department of Justice, the CIA instructed personnel that, the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah would take "precedence" over his medical care,^ resulting in, the deterioration of a bullet wound Abu Zubaydah incurred during his capture. The OLC relied on inaccurate CIA representations about, Abu Zubaydah's status in al-Qa'ida and the interrogation team's "certain[ty]" that Abu, Zubaydah was withholding information about planned terrorist attacks. 10. The chief of, interrogations described COBALT as a "dungeon. Moreover, CIA officers told U.S. ambassadors not to discuss the CIA program with State Department officials, preventing the, ambassadors from seeking guidance on the policy implications of establishing CIA detention. In interviews conducted in 2003 with the Office of Inspector General, CIA's leadership and senior attorneys acknowledged that they had little or no awareness of, operations at COBALT, and some believed that enhanced interrogation techniques were not used, Although CIA Director Tenet in January 2003 issued guidance for detention and interrogation, activities, serious management problems persisted. The, CIA's review identified risks associated with clandestine detention that led it to conclude that, U.S. military bases were the best option for the CIA to detain individuals under the MON, authorities. "^^, Deputy Secretary of State Armitage complained that he and Secretary Powell were "cut out" of, the National Security Council coordination process.^Â®, The CIA repeatedly provided incomplete and inaccurate information to White House personnel. approved by the Department of Justice or had not been authorized by CIA Headquarters. The CIA denied specific requests from FBI Director Robert Mueller, III for FBI access to CIA detainees that the FBI believed was necessary to understand CIA, detainee reporting on threats to the U.S. The CIA did not hold any detainees after April 2008.” 16 In reference to DOD requests, see for example, James T. Hill, Commander, U.S. Southern Command, “Counter-Resistance Techniques,” memorandum to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, October 25, 2002, and Diane E. The interrogator stands about a foot from the detainee's stomach, and slaps the detainee with the back of his hand. 9. 40 of the 119 known detainees had been detained by the CIA. #2: The CIA's justification for the use of its enhanced interrogation techniques rested on. use of the techniques failed to elicit detainee cooperation or produce accurate intelligence. The CIA required secrecy and cooperation from other nations in order to operate clandestine, detention facilities, and both had eroded significantly before President Bush publicly disclosed, the program on September 6, 2006. (White Paper for CIA, 2001), unclassified for public release on 02/14/20 (pdf) The CIA's Detention and Interrogation Pi-ogram created tensions with U.S. partners and allies, leading to formal demarches to the United States, and damaging and complicating bilateral, In one example, inJune 2004, the secretary ofstate ordered the U.S. ambassador inCountry | to, deliver ademarche to CounteyB/li^ssence demanding [Country | Government] provide full, access to all [Country | detainees" to the International Committee ofthe Red, Cross. CIA medical personnel, treated at least one detainee for swelling in order to allow the continued use of standing sleep, At least five CIA detainees were subjectedto "rectal rehydration" or rectal feeding without, documented medical necessity. Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Congressional Research Service 2 This report discusses the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation (D&I) Program as portrayed in many official documents. Senate Report on CIA Torture - 2014 - PDF - Download. Wall Standing — A detainee faces a wall, standing about four feet away. In some cases, there was no, relationship between the cited counterterrorism success and any information provided by, detainees during or after the use of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques. Briefings to the full Conmiittee beginning on September 6, 2006, also contained, numerous inaccui*acies, including inaccurate descriptions of how interrogation techniques were, applied and what information was obtained from CIA detainees. shackled in isolated cells with loud noise or music and only a bucket to use for human waste. The goals of the simulations were to provide depiction and detection of Kinesics exhibited by subjects within an ILS in order to train learners in effective interview and interrogation techniques. Enhanced Interrogation Techniques - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The Senate committee concluded that the CIA's use of "enhanced interrogation techniques" was not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining co-operation from detainees. Get all the stories you need-to-know from the most powerful name in news delivered first thing every morning to your inbox. Legal Statement. "^'' The second reviewer concluded that "there is no objective. According to the Senate report, the technique brought on convulsions and vomiting, immediate fluid intake and involuntary leg, chest and arm spasms. At one point, Khalid Sheik Mohammad was water-boarded 65 times between the afternoon of March 12, 2003 and the morning of March 13. statutory responsibility to serve as the principal advisor to the president on intelligence matters. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. When the CIA, determined that information it had provided to the Department of Justice was incorrect, the CIA, Prior to the initiation of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program and throughout the life, of the program, the legal justifications for the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques relied on. because of pressure from the host government or public revelations about the program. TEXT ID d507a054 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library Interviewing And Interrogation For Law Enforcement INTRODUCTION : #1 Interviewing And Interrogation ** Book Interviewing And Interrogation For Law Enforcement ** Uploaded By Jin Yong, for a long time the reid technique of interviewing and interrogation has been the intelHgence" and "substantial quantities of otherwise unavailable intelligence" that saved lives. [C]ongress reads it, cuts our authorities, messes up, ourbudget... weeither put outour story or wegeteaten. In one instance, involving the death, of a CIA detainee at COBALT, CIA Headquarters decided not to take disciplinary action against, an officer involved because, at the time, CIAHeadquarters had been "motivated to extract any, and all operational information" from the detainee.^^ In another instance related to a wrongful, detention, no action was taken against a CIA officer because, "[t]he Director strongly believes, that mistakes should be expected in a business filled with uncertainty," and "the Director, believes the scale tips decisively in favor of accepting mistakes that over connect the dots against, those thatunder connect them. before being interviewed by a media outlet, that "we either get out and sell, or we get hammered, which has implications beyond the media. The use of coercive interrogation techniques and covert detention facilities that did not meet, traditional U.S. standards resulted in the FBI and the Department of Defense limiting their. The CIA's claims about the number of detainees held and subjected to its. The CIA, in the conduct of its Detention and Interrogation Program, complicated, and in some, cases impeded, the national security missions of other Executive Branch agencies, including the, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the State Department, and the Office of the Director of, National Intelligence (ODNI). Enhanced interrogation techniques or alternative set of procedures were terms adopted by the George W. Bush administration in the United States to describe interrogation methods used by US military intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to extract information from individuals captured in the “War on Terror” after the September 11 attacks in 2001. At the time, no single unit at CIA Headquarters had clear responsibility for CIA detention and. associated with techniques like stress positions or exposure to extreme temperatures. Prior to mid-2004, the CIA routinely subjected detainees to nudity and dietary manipulation. The CIA's, representations to the OLC about the techniques were also inconsistent with how the techniques, In March 2005, the CIA submitted to the Department of Justice various examples of the, "effectiveness" of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques that were inaccurate. '*^, I[enttties of foreign govemments|, iand to, There are no reviews yet. Mike Casey, the former Department of Justice attorney general, wrote in an … "^^ Another seniorCIAofficer stated that, COBALT was itself an enhancedinterrogation technique.^', At times, the detainees at COBALT were walked around naked or were shackled with their, hands above their heads for extended periods of time. "-^ The CIA also did. Those representations were, The Department of Justice did not conduct independent analysis or verification of the, information it received from the CIA. At least 17 detainees were subjected to CIA enhanced interrogation techniques without, authorization from CIA Headquarters. In 2006, the value of the CIA's base conti"act with the company formed by the psychologists with, all options exercised was in excess of $180 million; the contractors received $81 million prior to, the contract's termination in 2009. More specifically that they were reverse-engineered by psychological consultants Mitchell and Jes-sen1 (contracted by the CIA) from the SERE program—a training program to enable captured military personnel to survive, evade, resist (interrogations), and escape if cap- Once notified, the OIG reviewed the, CIA's Detention and InterrogationProgramand issued several reports, including an important. The CIA did not hold any detainees after April 2008. #15: The CIA did not conduct a comprehensive or accurate accounting of the number of, individuals it detained, and held individuals who did not meet the legal standard for, detention. critical of the program and written letters expressing concerns to CIA Director Michael Hayden, Director Hayden nonetheless told a meeting of foreign ambassadors to the United States that, every Committee member was "fully briefed," and that "[t]his is not CIA's program. Associated Press 2014-12-10T10:15:00Z The letter F. An envelope. These disclosures occurred when, the program was a classified covert action program, and before the CIA had briefed the full, The deputy director of the CIA's Counterterrorism Center wrote to a colleague in 2005, shortly. Market data provided by Factset. including hallucinations, paranoia, insomnia, and attempts at self-harm and self-mutilation. After an hour of that, he said he was "ready to talk," the CIA said. The CIA did not review its past experience with coercive interrogations, or its previous statement, to Congress that "inhumane physical or psychological techniques are counterproductive because, they do notproduce intelligence and will probably result in false answers. interview and interrogation Immersive Learning Simulations (ILS). The MON made no reference to. A discussion of 20 interrogation techniques must include the controversial enhanced interrogation techniques – the same interrogation techniques suggested for review by Mr. Becker at Guantanamo – including stress positions, prolonged isolation and sensory deprivation, threats of harm to … techniques’ from torture, in claiming that ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ only created discom- fort, not pain. #9; The CIA impeded oversight by the CIA's Office of Inspector General. The CIA was using this technique prior to 2004 without approval by the Justice Department. Definitions Facial Animation Coding System (FACS). CIA detainees at the COBALT detention facility were kept in complete darkness and constantly. Psychological theory and research shows that harsh interrogation For example, in December 2003, CIA, personnel reported that they had made the "unsettling discovery" that the CIA had been "holding, a number of detainees about whom" the CIA knew "very litde" at multiple detention sites in, Divergent lines of authority for interrogationactivities persisted through at least 2003. With the exception of Country the CIA, was forced to relocate detainees out of every country in which it established a detention facility. Giving up no new information, interrogators water-boarded him. After multiple senators had been. On September 17, 2001, the President signed a covert action Memorandum of Notification, (MON) granting the CIA unprecedented counterterrorism authorities, including the authority to, covertly capture and detain individuals "posing a continuing, serious threat of violence or death, to U.S. persons and interests or planning terrorist activities." 1. Sleep Deprivation — Detainees were kept awake for up to 180 hours, often standing or in a stress position, the Senate report said. These concerns were regularly overridden by, CIA management, and the CIA made few corrective changes to its policies governing the, program. At numerous times thi'oughout the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program, CIA personnel, assessed that the most effective method for acquiring intelligence from detainees, including from, detainees the CIA considered to be the most "high-value," was to confront the detainees with, information already acquired by the Intelligence Community. The psychologists carried out inherently, governmental functions, such as acting as liaison between the CIA and foreign intelligence, services, assessing the effectiveness of the interrogation program, and participating in the. On March 22, 2003, al-Qaida leader Khalid Sheikh Mohammed underwent "intense" questioning and walling. In surveying the scientific literature, this paper corrects some persistent misconceptions about torture, concluding that some of the most deleterious effects of “enhanced interrogation techniques” are not physical at all, but distinctly psychological. interrogation operations. In early 2002, following Abu Zubaydah's capture, assertedly Jose Rodriguez head of the CIA's clandestine service, asked his superiors for authorization for what Rodriquez called an "alternative set of interrogation procedures." [T]here is no middle ground. proposal to detain Abu Zubaydah in Country |. All rights reserved. For instance, in August of 2002, Zubaydah was put on a liquid diet that consisted of Ensure and water, the Senate report said. unwitting complicity in a policy that facilitated and enabled the DoD to engage in enhanced interrogation techniques. The detainee would have to hold that position indefinitely, according to a description by Rizzo about this technique used on Zubaydah. In one instance, Zubaydah was slammed against a concrete wall, the Senate report said. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive, Uploaded by 11. In, early 2004, the U.S. Supreme Court decision to grant certiorari in the case of Rasul v. Bush. those cases, the CIA nonetheless continued the sleep deprivation. This prevented an accurate and, complete understanding of the program by Executive Branch officials, thereby impeding, According to CIA records, no CIA officer, up to and including CIA Directors George Tenet and, Porter Goss, briefed the president on the specific CIA enhanced interrogation techniques before, April 2006. The CIA did not brief, the OIG on the program until after the death of a detainee, by which time the CIA had held at, least 22 detainees at two different CIA detention sites. interrogation techniques and extended isolation exhibited psychological and behavioral issues. In 2008, the CIA's Rendition, Detention, and Interrogation Group, the lead unit for detention and, interrogation opera^ns at the CIA, had atotal of positions, which were filled with | CIA, staff officers and contractors, meaning that contractors made up 85% of the workforce for, #14: CIA detainees were subjected to coercive interrogation techniques that had not been. That legislation was, approved by the Senate and the House of Representatives in Febniary 2008, and was vetoed by. Program more than six months after being granted detention authorities. They also evaluated whether detainees' psychological state allowed for the, continued use of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques, including some detainees whom, they were themselves interrogating or had interrogated. Stress Positions — The purpose of these techniques are to stimulate mild discomfort from extended muscle use, according to a description in a government document obtained by the ACLU. List of Pros of Enhanced Interrogation Techniques. inaccurate information to the public in September 2006. 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